www.uta-ni.com /// United Taekwondo Association of Northern Ireland Taekwondo Korean martial arts training, competition, olympic sport.

www.uta-ni.com /// United Taekwondo Association of Northern Ireland Taekwondo Korean martial arts training, competition, olympic sport.

www.uta-ni.com /// United Taekwondo Association of Northern Ireland Taekwondo Korean martial arts training, competition, olympic sport.

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"the art of kicking and punching"

About Taekwondo

A Brief History

+ A Korean Martial art meaning "the art of kicking and punching"
+ It developed from Taek Kyon, practiced around 50 BC
+ Taek Kyon was used as defense against Japanese pirate attacks
+ Taek Kyon was incorporated into military training regimes for the young nobility
+ Taek Kyon changed form and style many times; Subak, Soo Bahk Do, Kwon Bop, Kong Soo Do, Tae Soo Do, and Dang Soo Do

1952 Martial arts becomes a part of military training in the Korean War
1957 Taek Kyon/Subak becomes Taekwondo
1961 September; the Korean Taekwondo Association (KTA) is formed
1973 The formation of International regulating body the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF)

Olympic Developments
1973 The first official World Taekwondo Championships held in Seoul
1980 The International Olympic Committee (IOC) officially recognises the WTF
1988 Taekwondo becomes an Olympic Demonstration Sport for The Games in Seoul
2000 Taekwondo is officially recognised as an Olympic sport

Get the full history by clicking the link on the right

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Taekwondo Training

Taekwondo is a traditional martial art which is based upon the ancient martial heritage of spanning a period of almost 2000 years. It is now an official Olympic Sport and is practiced by 60 million people worldwide, making it one of the most, if not the most popular martial art in the world today.

The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) is the governing body for Taekwondo, with over 175 member nations. The Kukkiwon is The World Taekwondo Headquarters and the only official organisation authorised to issue Dan (Black Belt) certification. The British Taekwondo Control Board (BTCB) is the national governing body for WTF Taekwondo in UK. All recognised WTF Taekwondo groups in the UK must be registered with the BTCB.

The United Taekwondo Association (UTA), which UTA Northern Ireland is a part, is a group member of the BTCB. The UTA NI was established over 25 years ago. Our Training offers to teach you how to recognise and deal with situations in which self-defence may be required. We aim to bring out the positive qualities in our members and help them to develop patience, confidence, self-discipline, inner calm, and a consistently positive mental attitude to overcome fear and self-doubt.

To be successful in Taekwondo requires patience, self-discipline, and serious dedicated training. The UTA NI offers a carefully planned syllabus teaching effective self-defence, strength development, cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, and Olympic style fighting techniques, through a combination of mental and physical training.

The UTA NI holds squad training sessions every Saturday for experienced fighters. The association regularly participates in national and international championships, in which players frequently win medals.

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Ranking system

There are 10 grades between first starting Taekwondo and achieving black belt (1st Dan). These Levels are known as Kup Grades. You Work from 10th Kup (white belt) to 1st Kup (red belt with black tag), 1st Kup being the highest before Black belt. There are five coloured belts and then black belt. In between each full coloured belt there are coloured tags. Each Belt signifies the knowledge and understanding of the taekwondo practicener at that time during his/ her Taekwondo career.

White Belt
Signifies innocence as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwondo.
Yellow Belt
Signifies the earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the foundations of Taekwondo are being laid.
Green Belt
Signifies the plants growth as Taekwondo skills begin to develop.
Blue Belt
Signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwondo progresses.
Red Belt
Signifies danger cautioning the student to exercise control and warning opponents to stay away.
Black belt
Opposite to White, therefore, signifies the maturity and proficiency in Taekwondo. Also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkens and fear.

The most important fact about Taekwondo is that it is both a superior art of self-defence and a technique of mental discipline. It gives its practitioners self-confidence, self-respect, self-discipline, and coordination. These mental characteristics along with an improved physical ability are beneficial to the mental wellbeing of individuals. With its practical means of self-defence and its complete regimen of physical conditioning Taekwondo offers a total fitness program integrating mind, body, and spirit.

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Benefits of Taekwondo training

Physical Benefits
+ Improved Reflexes and Coordination increases your performance in all Physical activities
+ Increased Strength and Stamina boost your energy so you feel great all day long
+ Increased Flexibility and Weight Control, for better overall fitness.
+ Great Cardiovascular Work Out keeps you in good shape physically.

Mental Benefits
+ Improved Concentration for better work and study habits.
+ Stress Reduction & Increased Levels of Relaxation for a longer, healthier Life
+ The Peace of Mind that comes from knowing that you are able to Protect Yourself & Your Family
+ Increased Self Confidence & Self Discipline to develop a positive attitude toward life!

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You will experience these disciplines in Taekwondo classes.

Basic Techniques
All Martial arts include basic techniques and WTF Taekwondo is no exception, these form the basis and platform for progression in standard and for up-grading and through the belt ranking.
Taekwondo kicking techniques are the most prominent with basic and the more difficult flying and spinning kicks. Taekwondo also teaches defence with blocking techniques and offensive punching striking and thrusting actions performed in various stances and directions, these are the basic techniques and the foundation stone that the practitioner builds on to progress in Taekwondo .

+ What is poomsae?
Poomsae is the Korean equivalent of Kata in Japanese karate.
Poomsae (pattern) is a series of fundamental movements, mainly defence and attack, set in a logical sequence to deal with one or more imaginary opponents. Patterns are an indication of a student's progress. A barometer in evaluating an individual's technique

+ Why do we perform Poomsae?
Poomsae are practised to improve Taekwondo techniques. When practising students develop flexibility of movement, mater body shifting, improves sparring techniques, balance and breathe control. Poomsae enable students to acquire techniques, which can not be obtained from other forms of training.

Within the Taekwondo Training syllabus there are basic, Taeguk and Dan Grade Poomsae. Each Grade has a new one to learn, practice and master before moving to the next level.

Set Sparring
Set Sparring is the traditional way which you lean how to apply taekwondo techniques to self defence.

+ Three Step Set Sparring (Sambon Kyorugi)
Three step set sparing teaches the student many things including proper distance control, correct facing, forearm conditioning, correct blocking, control of stance, counter attacks ad timing.

The attacker will start with right leg behind in long stance, low block. He will then step forward three times with a punch. The defender will block three times then counter attack.

+ One Step Sparring (Hanbon Kyorugi)
This form of sparring is completely different from free sparring. Sweeping techniques, arm locks, joint breaking techniques are all practiced. Distance, control and timing are of the utmost importance.

Attacker starts right leg back long stance low block and attacks once with the right. Once the student has defended with his technique the attack is then repeated with the left.

During one step students will be able to put into practice techniques learned during there technical training sessions.

Pad work
Practiced with both hand and foot techniques, Taekwondo pad drills are an excellent form of training which helps develop good technique, timing, speed and stamina. Drills increase in complexity as the student advances through the grades.

Semi free sparring
This type of spring gives beginners the chance to practice basic kicking techniques whilst facing an opponent. Intermediate and advanced students use it for stamina, timing as well as for training there techniques.

Both students begin with right leg back in Kyorugi stance. When the command is given one for the student kicks and immediately after the other this is continues.

When used for stamina exercise each kick should counter the previous.
This can start with only one kick at a time from each student, leading on to two kicks for two and on to three kicks attack one counter then repeated by other student.

Free Sparring
Free sparing is basically putting into practice what has been learned so far. There is no pre-warning of attack. If practiced without protective equipment being worn, the emphasis should be on control and technique. Full contact sparing is allowed where adequate protection is worn and should take place under supervision of qualified instructor.

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Self defence (Hosinsul)

Hosinsul (self defence) is one of the main reasons for taekwondo training; it could be seen as an essential requirement in today's more violent society. Although taekwondo is a "self defence" the sport side focuses on scoring points to the body and head only. In real life (street) application. Hosinsul is a mixture of all kinds of techniques, which you learn during your taekwondo training, including kicking and striking techniques to vital target areas, ground defence, grab release techniques as well as defending against armed attackers etc
Self defence is something that cannot be practised alone. You will need a partner. You will learn how to react quickly and use the correct effective technique.

Stepping Techniques
The ability to step smoothly and with speed is the utmost importance to be able to control the distance between yourself and your opponent. Therefore competition training involves practising a lot of stepping techniques. This also enables a student to develop good stamina and improve balance.

Competition Taekwondo
With WTF Taekwondo as an Olympic sport, a lot more emphasis has been placed on competition Taekwondo. Competitors (players) wear a body protector, head guard, groin guard, shin guards and arm guards. WTF Taekwondo is full contact sparring. Points are scored by full contact punches to the body, a kick to the body or a kick to the head.

Matches are judged by a head of court, referee and corner judges.
Training for competition is different from traditional Taekwondo therefore separate classes are held for these who which to take up the challenge to compete in the sport side of the art. To be a Taekwondo champion takes extensive training and lots of hard work.

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Quick Linx

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UTA NI - Check your Kukkiwon
UTA NI - kukkiwon
UTA NI - World Taekwondo Federation
UTA Scotland
Stoke UTA Taekwondo
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Full Contact
Sport Taekwondo UK
TANI - Taekwondo Association of Northern Ireland
UTA NI - Sports Council of Northern Ireland
BTCB - British Taekwondo Control Board UK
British Taekwondo Control Board Poomsae
Irish Taekwondo Union
ETU - European Taekwondo Union
UTA NI - Sports Council of Northern Ireland
UTA NI - Association of Summer Olympic International Federations
Samdo - Specialists in Martial Arts Uniforms and Equipment
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