www.uta-ni.com /// United Taekwondo Association of Northern Ireland Taekwondo Korean martial arts training, competition, olympic sport.

www.uta-ni.com /// United Taekwondo Association of Northern Ireland Taekwondo Korean martial arts training, competition, olympic sport.

www.uta-ni.com /// United Taekwondo Association of Northern Ireland Taekwondo Korean martial arts training, competition, olympic sport.

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"the perfect form & the perfect poomsae"

WTF Poomsae


poomsaeFor many years sparring has grabbed the interest of Taekwondo players with the desire to compete at the highest level in the Olympic Games. This has proven to be highly beneficial to the development of Taekwondo around the world.

The World Taekwondo Federation has however also recognised that the technical, non-fighting aspect to Taekwondo now needs to be developed to a similar high level. Perfecting movements within traditional patterns or pulling off spectacular 'movie' style kicks will be a challenge and competitive outlet for non-fighters.

Our aim is promote technical competition opportunities to potential players within the UTA NI and to encourage the higher standard players to enter competition training. Through selection, which will promote healthy competition, the better players training within the NI Squad will then compete at open, national and international competitions.

UTA NI can give elite players the opportunities to be selected and compete for the UK, through BTCB NI regional training sessions and BTCB national training sessions.

UTA NI elite players who wish compete for Ireland have the opportunity to get selected and do so, this is through a Memorandum of understanding with the ITU.

The UTA NI through the BTCB (NI) is supporting the establishment of the Commonwealth Taekwondo Union which will allow a NI team in its own right to eventually compete at the world's second largest event, the Commonwealth Games.

The benefits for UTA NI players to get involved
+ An outlet to test their Taekwondo skills.
+ Increased satisfaction and enjoyment of the members involved.
+ Respect and excitement of being in a successful Technical Squad.
+ Opportunities to compete nationally and internationally.

UTA NI players have already had successes at national and international level. They have regularly competed in the UK, Ireland and Europe. With members competing at highest level and as far away as Korea, in the Korean open 2005.

Pictured above: 2006 Belgium open, Gold Medallist Clare Jamison with Master TW Shin & Master Glen Culbert

Master Glen R. Culbert 6th Dan is the UTA NI Poomsae coach, he runs regular Poomsae training sessions. If you are interested in taking the challenge to compete in poomsae championships, Check out the UTA NI Calendar and speak to your club instructor for the session details.

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What is poomsae?
Poomsae is the Korean equivalent of Kata in Japanese karate.

Poomsae (pattern) is a series of fundamental movements, mainly defence and attack, set in a logical sequence to deal with one or more imaginary opponents. Patterns are an indication of a student's progress. A barometer in evaluating an individual's technique.

Why do we perform Poomsae?
Poomsae are practised to improve Taekwondo techniques. When practising students develop flexibility of movement, mater body shifting, improves sparring techniques, balance and breathe control. Poomsae enable students to acquire techniques, which can not be obtained from other forms of training.

Within the Taekwondo Training syllabus there are basic, Taeguk and Dan Grade Poomsae. Each Grade has a new one to learn, practice and master before moving to the next level.

When Performing poomsae the following points should be considered during its Presentation
+ Skill
+ Accuracy of range/volume of movements
+ Balance
+ Speed and power
+ Expression
+ Strength/speed/rhythm
+ Expression of energy, KI

A completion of poomsae can be achieved through hard training following the 5 steps: Pattern
The first step of training poomsae is to learn the pattern. Concentration of spirit, eyes, angles of movements must be emphasized in addition to the accuracy of actions.

In the next step, the emphasis must be laid on the balance, strength and weakness, low or high speed, respiration and poomsae line. The significance of movements, connection of poomsae and the complete poomsae must be learned correctly.

Practical Use
One must adapt what he has learned to his practical use, finding out the practicability.

Self Style
One must evaluate his findings about the effectiveness of what he has learned, comparing with his bodily structure, speed, strength, muscle strength, impulsive power, points of emphasis in training, etc., and moderate the techniques into his own style.

One achieves a synthetic accomplishment of poomsae training by mastering the art of Taekwondo techniques including Taekwondo spirit

Kup Poomsae
+ Basic Pattern 01 - Giboneil
+ Basic Pattern 02 - Sajigjuligi

TaeGuk Poomsae
Meaning of Taeguk
Taeguk is the origin of all things in the universe.
+ Tae - means Enormity or Vastness
+ Guk - means Eternity

"Taeguk represents the most profound oriental philosophy from which oriental philosophical views on the world, cosmos and life are derived. Taeguk has no form, no beginning, and no ending yet everything comes from Taeguk. Taeguk is something that contains the essence of everything."

No.NameNo. of MovementsPattern RepresentsKorean SymbolPoomsae Line
1TaeGuk II Jang18Heaven & LightKeontaeguk1
2TaeGuk Ee Jang18JoyfulnessTaetaeguk2
3TaeGuk Sam Jang20Fire & SunRitaeguk3
4TaeGuk Sah Jang20ThunderJintaeguk4
5TaeGuk Oh Jang20WindSeontaeguk5
6TaeGuk Yuk Jang23WaterGamtaeguk6
7TaeGuk Chil Jang25MountainGantaeguk7
8TaeGuk Pal Jang24EarthGontaeguk8

Dan Grade Poomsae
PoomsaeSymbol/Chinese charactersPoomsae Line
Koryo (30 movements)
Koryo poomsae symbolises "Seonbae" which means "Learned man" characterised by a strong martial sprit. Koryo is the name of an ancient Korean Dynasty (AD 918to 1392). The English word Korea is derived from Koryo. Koryos legacy to the Korean people is very significant as they successfully defeated and thus defended Korea against the attacking aggression of the Mongolian Empire, who was sweeping the known world at the time. Consequently every movement of the pattern should demonstrate the conviction shown by the Korea people in their struggle with the Mongolians
Learned man. dan1
Keumgang (27 movements Diamond)
The word Keumgang means that which is too strong to be broken. The pattern is named after nature's strongest substance, diamond. Koreas most beautiful mountain is also called Keumgang and it is regarded as the centre of national sprit. The sprit of the mightiest warrior "Keumgang Yoksa", named by Buddha, should be shown when performing Poomsae Keumgang.
Mountain (Mt. Diamond) dan2
Taebeak (26 movements Mountain)
The mythological story about the founding of Korea says that about 4,300 years ago the legendary Tangun founded the nation in Taebeak. Teabeak means "Bright Mountain". The line of the Poomsae is a Chinese character symbolising the bridge between Heaven and Earth, a nation founded by the order of heaven.
Meaning Artisan. Symbolising the bridge between Heaven and Earth, a nation founded by the order of heaven dan3
Pyongwon (21 movements Plain)
The word Pyongwon means plain. A plain is the source of life for all creatures. The Poomsae Pyongwon is based on the idea of peace and struggle resulting from the principles of origin and use. The line of the pattern represents the origin and transformation of the plain.
Meaning One. dan4
Sipjin (28 movements Decimal)
The name Sipjin is derived from the number ten and longevity. It advocates there are 10 creatures of long life, namely, sun, moon, mountain, water, stone, pine tree, herb of eternal youth, tortoise, deer and crane. The line of the poomsae is the Chinese symbol meaning 10, signifying the infinite numbering of the decimal system and ceaseless development. Stability is sought in every movement of this poomsae.
Meaning Ten. dan5
Jitae (28 movements)
The word "Jitae" means a man standing on the ground with two feet, looking over the sky. A man on the earth represents the way of struggling for human life, such as kicking, trading and jumping on the ground. Therefore, the poomsae symbolizes various aspects occurring in the course of human being's struggle for existence. The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are han-son-nal-olgul-makki, keumkang-momtong-jireugi, and me-jumeok-yop-pyojeok-chigi only, and the poomsae line signified a man standing on earth to spring up toward the heaven.
Korean vowel, sounding "oh" poomsae line signified a man standing on earth to spring up toward the heaven. dan6
Chonkwon (26 movements the Heaven's Great Mighty)
The word "Chonkwon" means the Heaven's Great Mighty, which is the origin of all the creature and itself the cosmos. Its infinite competence signifies the creation, change and completion. Human beings have used the name of Heaven for all principal earthly shapes and meanings because they felt afraid of the Heaven's mighty. Over 4,000 years ago, the founder of the Korean people, "Hwanin" meant the heavenly King. He settled down in the "heavenly" town as the capital near the heavenly sea and heavenly mountain, where the Han people as the heavenly race gave birth to the proper through and action from which Taekwondo was originated. The poomsae Chunkwon is based on such sublime history and thoughts.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are nalgae-pyogi (wing opening), bam-jumeok-sosum-chigi (knuckle protruding fist springing chigi), hwidullo-makki (swinging makki), hwidullo-jabadangkigi (swinging and drawing), keumgang-yop-jireugi, taesan-milgi, etc., and a crouched walking manner.

The characteristics of movements are large actions and arm sections forming gentle curves, thus symbolizing the greatness of Chunkwon thought. The poomsae line "T" symbolizes a man coming down from the heaven, submitting to the will of Heaven, being endowed power by the Heaven and worshiping the Heaven, which means the oneness between the Heaven and a human being.
Korean vowel, sounding "wu". The oneness between the Heaven and a human being. dan7
Hansu (27 movements Water)
The word "Hansu" means water is the source of substance preserving the life and growing all the creatures. Hansu symbolizes birth of a life and growth, strength & weakness, magnanimity & harmony, and adaptability. Especially, "han" has the various meanings, namely, the name of a country, numerousness, largeness, evenness, length and even the heaven and the root of evening, among others. Above all, the above significances, is the background of organizing this poomsae.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are son-nal-deung-momtong-hecho-makki, me-jumeok-yang-yopkuri (both flanks)-chigi, kodureo-khaljaebi, an-palmok-arae- pyojeok-makki, son-nal-keumgang-makki, etc., and also modum-bal as a stance.

Actions should be practiced softly like water but continuously like a drop of water gathering to make an ocean. The poomsae line symbolizes the Chinese letter that means water.
Meaning Water. dan8
Meaning of Ilyeo (23 movements Oneness)
Ilyeo means the thought of a great Buddhist priest of Silla Dynasty, Saint Wonhyo, which is characterized by the philosophy of oneness of mind [spirit] and body [material]. It teaches that a point, a line or a circle ends up all in one. Therefore, the poomsae Ilyeo represents the harmonization of spirit and body, which is the essence of martial art, after a long training of various types of techniques and spiritual cultivation for completion of Taekwondo practice.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are son-nal-olgul-makki, wesanteul-yop-chagi, du-son-pyo (two opened hands)-bitureo-jabadangkigi (twisting and pulling), twio- yop-chagi and the first stance of ogeum (knee back)-hakdari-seogi. Jumbi-seogi is the bo-jumeok-moa-seogi (wrapped-up fist moa-seogi), in which, as the last step of poomsae training, two wrapped-up fists are placed in front of the chin, which has the significance of unification and moderation, so that the spiritual energy can flow freely into the body as well as the two hands. The line of poomsae symbolizes the Buddhist mark (swastika), in commemoration of saint Wonhyo, which means a state of perfect selflessness in Buddhism where origin, substance and service come into congruity.
Symbolizes the Buddhist mark Reversed Swastika sign, which means a state of perfect selflessness in Buddhism. dan9

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